Hopp til hovedinnhold

Charcots fot

Charcots fot er en sjelden senkomplikasjon til diabetes type 1 og type 2. Unormale brudd og forskyvninger i leddene er karakteristisk for tilstanden.

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:

QR
Del pasientinformasjon

Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/sykdommer/hjernenervesystem/nervebetennelser/charcots-fot/ 

Hva er Charcots fot?

Årsaker til Charcots fot

Symptomer ved Charcots fot

Diagnostikk av Charcots fot

Behandling av Charcots fot

Avlastning

Kirurgi

Prognosen ved Charcots fot

Vil du vite mer?

Kilder

Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Diabetesfot, Charcots fot. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. Christensen TM, Yderstræde K, Ejskjær N, et al. Den diabetiske Charcots fod. Ugeskr Læger 2008; 170: 2440. PubMed 
  2. Fabrin J, Larsen K, Holstein PE. Long-term follow-up in diabetic Charcot feet with spontaneous onset. Diabetes Care 2000; 23: 796-800. PubMed 
  3. Armstrong DG, Todd WF, Lavery LA et al. The natural history of acute Charcot's arthropathy in a diabetic foot specialty clinic. Diabet Med 1997; 14: 357-63. PubMed 
  4. Petrova NL, Foster AV, Edmonds ME. Calcaneal bone mineral density in patients with Charcot neuropathic osteoarthropathy: differences between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Diabet Med 2005; 22: 756-61. PubMed 
  5. Jeffcoate WJ, Game F, Cavanagh PR. The role of proinflammatory cytokines in the cause of neuropathic osteoarthropathy (acute Charcot foot) in diabetes. Lancet 2005; 366: 2058-61. PubMed 
  6. Rajbhandari SM, Jenkins RC, Davies C et al. Charcot neuroarthropathy in diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia 2002; 45: 1085-96. PubMed 
  7. Chantelau E, Poll LW. Evaluation of the diabetic charcot foot by MR imaging or plain radiography - an observational study. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2006; 114: 428-31. PubMed 
  8. Jones KB, Maiers Yelden KA, Marsh JL et al. Ankle fractures in patients with diabetes mellitus. J Bone Joint Surg Br 2005; 87: 489-95. PubMed 
  9. Holstein P, Lohmann M, Bitsch M et al. Achilles tendon lengthening, the panacea for plantar forefoot ulceration? Diabetes Metab Res Rev 2004; 20: 37-40. PubMed 
  10. Wukich DK, Sung W, Wipf SA, Grimaldi A. The consequences of complatency: managing the effects of unrecognized Charcot feet. Diabet Med 2011; 28: 195-8. PubMed 
  11. Crawford F, Cezard G, Chappell FM, et al. A systematic review and individual patient data meta-analysis of prognostic factors for foot ulceration in people with diabetes: the international research collaboration for the prediction of diabetic foot ulcerations (PODUS). Health Technology Assessment, No. 19.57. 2015. legehandboka.no 
  12. Larsen K, Fabrin J, Holstein PE. Incidence and management of ulcers in diabetic Charcot feet. J Wound Care 2001; 10: 323-8. PubMed 
  13. Chantelau E, Richter A, Schmidt Grigoriadis P et al. The diabetic charcot foot: MRI discloses bone stress injury as trigger mechanism of neuroarthropathy. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 2006; 114: 118-23. PubMed 
  14. Termaat MF, Raijmakers PGHM, Scholten HJ et al. The accuracy of diagnos-tic imaging for the assessment of chronic osteomyelitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2005; 87: 2464-71. PubMed 
  15. Helsedirektoratet. Nasjonal faglig retningslinje for diabetes. Oslo; Helsedirektoratet 2019. helsedirektoratet.no 
  16. Pinzur MS, Lio T, Posner M. Treatment of Eichenholtz stage I Charcot foot arthropathy with a weightbearing total contact cast. Foot Ankle Int 2006; 27: 324-9. PubMed 
  17. Fabrin J, Larsen K, and Holstein PE. Arthrodesis with external fixation in the unstable or misaligned Charcot ankle in patients with diabetes mellitus. Int J Low Extrem Wounds 2007; 6: 102-7. PubMed 
  18. Pelton K, Hofer JK, Thordarson DB. Tibiotalocalcaneal arthrodesis using a dynamically locked retrograde intramedullary nail. Foot Ankle Int 2006; 27: 759-63. PubMed 
  19. Jolly GP, Zgonis T, Polyzois V. External fixation in the management of Charcot neuroarthropathy. Clin Podiatr Med Surg 2003; 20: 741-56.
  20. Hastings MK, Sinacore DR, Fielder FA et al. Bone mineral density during total contact cast immobilization for a patient with neuropathic (Charcot) arthropathy. Phys Ther 2005; 85: 249-56. PubMed 
  21. Baglioni P, Malik M, Okosieme OE. Acute Charcot foot. BMJ 2012; 344: e1397. BMJ (DOI)