Hopp til hovedinnhold

Skader og medisinske problemer i utholdenhetsidretter

Deltakere i utholdenhetsidretter omfatter alle aldersgrupper. Selv om eliteutøverne er i 20- og 30-årene, så utgjør personer i aldersgruppen 35 til 50 år den største gruppen.

Sist revidert:


Slitasjeskader - ikke betennelser

Vanlige årsaker

Patellofemoralt smertesyndrom

Friksjonssyndrom i iliotibialisbåndet (langdistansekne)

Skinnleggsmerter, medialt tibialt stressyndrom

Akillestendinopati

Plantar fasciitis

Stressbrudd

Medisinske tilstander

Anstrengelsesutløst bronkospasme (anstrengelsesutløst astma)

Exercise induced laryngeal obstruction (EILO)

Anstrengelsesutløst kollaps og hyponatremi

Overtreningssyndrom

Vil du vite mer?

Kilder

Referanser

  1. Cosca DD, Navazio F. Common problems in endurance athletes. Am Fam Physician 2007; 76: 237-44. American Family Physician  
  2. Wilder RP, Sethi S. Overuse injuries: tendinopathies, stress fractures, compartment syndrome, and shin splints. Clin Sports Med 2004; 23: 55-81. PubMed  
  3. Abat F, Alfredson H, Cucchiarini M, et al. Current trends in tendinopathy: consensus of the ESSKA basic science committee. Part I: biology, biomechanics, anatomy and an exercise-based approach. J Exp Orthop. 2017 Dec; 4: 18. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov  
  4. Yeung SS, Yeung EW, Gillespie LD. Interventions for preventing lower limb soft-tissue running injuries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD001256. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001256.pub2. DOI  
  5. Silberman MR, Webner D, Collina S, Shiple BJ. Road bicycle fit. Clin J Sport Med 2005; 15: 271-6. PubMed  
  6. van der Heijden RA, Lankhorst NE, van Linschoten R, Bierma-Zeinstra SMA, van Middelkoop M. Exercise for treating patellofemoral pain syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010387. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010387.pub2. DOI  
  7. Witvrouw E, Danneels L, Van Tiggelen D, Willems TM, Cambier D. Open versus closed kinetic chain exercises in patellofemoral pain: a 5-year prospective randomized study. Am J Sports Med 2004; 32: 1122-30. PubMed  
  8. Heintjes EM, Berger M, Bierma-Zeinstra SMA, Bernsen RMD, Verhaar JAN, Koes BW. Pharmacotherapy for patellofemoral pain syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2004, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD003470. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003470.pub2. DOI  
  9. Lun VM, Wiley JP, Meeuwisse WH, Yanagawa TL. Effectiveness of patellar bracing for treatment of patellofemoral pain syndrome. Clin J Sport Med 2005; 15: 235-40. PubMed  
  10. Fredericson M, Wolf C. Iliotibial band syndrome in runners: innovations in treatment. Sports Med 2005; 35: 451-9. PubMed  
  11. Fredericson M, Cookingham CL, Chaudhari AM, Dowdell BC, Oestreicher N, Sahrmann SA. Hip abductor weakness in distance runners with iliotibial band syndrome. Clin J Sport Med 2000; 10: 169-75. PubMed  
  12. Farrell KC, Reisinger KD, Tillman MD. Force and repetition in cycling: possible indications for iliotibial band friction syndrome. Knee 2003; 10: 103-9. PubMed  
  13. Thacker SB, Gilchrist J, Stroup DF, Kimsey CD. The prevention of shin splints in sports: a systematic review of literature. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2002; 34: 32-40. PubMed  
  14. Mafi N, Lorentzon R, Alfredson H. Superior short-term results with eccentric calf muscle training compared to concentric training in a randomized prospective multicenter study on patients with chronic Achilles tendinosis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2001; 9: 42-7. PubMed  
  15. Roos EM, Engstrom M, Lagerquist A, Soderberg B. Clinical improvement after 6 weeks of eccentric exercise in patients with mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy-a randomized trial with 1-year follow-up. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2004; 14: 286-95. PubMed  
  16. Ohberg L, Lorentzon R, Alfredson H. Eccentric training in patients with chronic Achilles tendinosis: normalised tendon structure and decreased thickness at follow up. Br J Sports Med 2004; 38: 8-11. British Journal of Sports Medicine  
  17. Porter MD, Shadbolt B. Intralesional corticosteroid injection versus extracorporeal shock wave therapy for plantar fasciopathy. Clin J Sport Med 2005; 15: 119-24. PubMed  
  18. Smoliga JM, Mohseni ZS, Berwager JD, et al. Common causes of dyspnoea in athletes: a practical approach for diagnosis and management. Breathe (Sheff) 2016 Jun; 12(2): e22-37. pmid:27408644 PubMed  
  19. Smoliga JM, Weiss P, Rundell KW. Exercise induced bronchoconstriction in adults: evidence based diagnosis and management. BMJ 2016; 352: h6951. pmid:26762594 PubMed  
  20. Del Giacco SR, Firinu D, Bjermer L, Carlsen K-H. Exercise and asthma: an overview. Eur Clin Respir J. 2015; 2. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov  
  21. Christensen PM, Heimdal JH, Christopher KL, Bucca C, Cantarella G, Friedrich G, et al. . ERS/ELS/ACCP 2013 international consensus conference nomenclature on inducible laryngeal obstructions. Eur Respir Rev. 2015; 24: 445–50. pmid: 26324806 PubMed  
  22. Johansson H, Norlander K, Berglund L, et al. Prevalence of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction and exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction in a general adolescent population. Thorax 2015; 70: 57–63. pmid: 25380758 PubMed  
  23. Sallis R. Dehydration and rehydration. SSE #95: collapse in the endurance athlete. Accessed May 4, 2007, at: http://www.gssiweb.com/Article_Detail.aspx?articleid=699.
  24. Noakes T, for IMMDA. Fluid replacement during marathon running. Clin J Sport Med 2003; 13: 309-18. PubMed  
  25. American College of Sports Medicine, American Dietetic Association, Dietitians of Canada. Joint position statement: nutrition and athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2000; 32: 2130-45. PubMed  
  26. Noakes T. Sodium ingestion and the prevention of hyponatraemia during exercise. Br J Sports Med 2004; 38: 790-2. British Journal of Sports Medicine  
  27. Halson SL, Jeukendrup AE. Does overtraining exist? An analysis of overreaching and overtraining research. Sports Med 2004; 34: 967-81. PubMed  
  28. Urhausen A, Kindermann W. Diagnosis of overtraining: what tools do we have? Sports Med 2002; 32: 95-102. PubMed