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Fysioterapi, modaliteter

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


  1. Rand SE, Goerlich C, Marchand K. The physical therapy prescription. Am Fam Physician 2007; 76: 1661-6. American Family Physician  
  2. Hayden JA, van Tulder MW, Tomlinson G. Systematic review: strategies for using exercise therapy to improve outcomes in chronic low back pain. Ann Intern Med 2005; 142: 776-85. Annals of Internal Medicine  
  3. Deyle GD, Allison SC, Matekel RL, Ryder MG, Stang JM, Gohdes DD, et al. Physical therapy treatment effectiveness for osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized comparison of supervised clinical exercise and manual therapy procedures versus a home exercise program. Phys Ther 2005; 85: 1301-17. PubMed  
  4. Fokkenrood HJP, Bendermacher BLW, Lauret GJ, Willigendael EM, Prins MH, Teijink JAW. Supervised exercise therapy versus non-supervised exercise therapy for intermittent claudication. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD005263. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005263.pub3. DOI  
  5. De Carlo MS, Sell KE. The effects of the number and frequency of physical therapy treatments on selected outcomes of treatment in patients with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1997; 26: 332-9. PubMed  
  6. Feller JA, Webster KE, Taylor NF, Payne R, Pizzari T. Effect of physiotherapy attendance on outcome after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: a pilot study. Br J Sports Med 2004; 38: 74-7. British Journal of Sports Medicine  
  7. Kane SF, Olewinski LH, Tamminga KS. Management of chronic tendon injuries. Am Fam Physician. 2019 Aug 1;100(3):147-157. pmid:31361101 PubMed  
  8. Khadilkar A, Milne S, Brosseau L, Wells G, Tugwell P, Robinson V, et al. Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for the treatment of chronic low back pain: a systematic review. Spine 2005; 30: 2657-66. PubMed  
  9. Bjordal JM, Lopes-Martins RA, Iverson VV. A randomised, placebo controlled trial of low level laser therapy for activated Achilles tendinitis with microdialysis measurement of peritendinous prostaglandin E2 concentrations. Br J Sports Med 2006; 40: 76-80. British Journal of Sports Medicine  
  10. Gudeman SD, Eisele SA, Heidt RS Jr, Colosimo AJ, Stroupe AL. Treatment of plantar fasciitis by iontophoresis of 0.4% dexamethasone. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Am J Sports Med 1997; 25: 312-6. PubMed  
  11. Perron M, Malouin F. Acetic acid iontophoresis and ultrasound for the treatment of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder: a randomized control trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1997; 78: 379-84. PubMed  
  12. Desmeules F, Boudreault J, Roy JS, et al. The efficacy of therapeutic ultrasound for rotator cuff tendinopathy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Phys Ther Sport. 2015;16(3):276–284. PMID: 25824429. PubMed  
  13. Bax L, Staes F, Verhagen A. Does neuromuscular electrical stimulation strengthen the quadriceps femoris? A systematic review of randomised controlled trials. Sports Med 2005; 35: 191-212. PubMed  
  14. Rutjes AWS, Nüesch E, Sterchi R, Kalichman L, Hendriks E, Osiri M, Brosseau L, Reichenbach S, Jüni P. Transcutaneous electrostimulation for osteoarthritis of the knee. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD002823. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002823.pub2. DOI  
  15. Brosseau L, Welch V, Wells GA, de Bie R, Gam A, Harman K, Morin M, Shea B, Tugwell P. Low level laser therapy (Classes I, II and III) for treating rheumatoid arthritis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD002049. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002049.pub2. DOI  
  16. Laserbehandling vid nacksmärta. SBU Alert-rapport nr 2014-03 (2014-05-20).
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim