Hopp til hovedinnhold

Endokarditt profylakse

Endokarditt er bakteriebetennelse i hinnen som kler innsiden av hjertet. Noen få pasienter med hjertesykdom er i risiko for å få endokarditt, og de skal ha forebyggende behandling før kirurgiske inngrep.

Sist revidert:

QR
Del pasientinformasjon

Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/sykdommer/hjertekar/behandlingar/endokarditt-profylakse/ 

Hva er endokardittprofylakse?

Risikogrupper

Risikoprosedyrer

Behandlingen

Effekt

Husk å varsle legen eller tannlegen

God tannhygiene og tannhelse er viktigere

Vil du vite mer?

Kilder

Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Endokarditt, infeksiøs. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. Beynon RP, Bahl VK, Prendergast BD. Infective endocarditis. BMJ 2006; 333: 334-9. PubMed 
  2. Habib G, Lancellotti P, Antunes MJ, et al. 2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis. European Heart Journal, published online 29 August 2015 . doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehv319
  3. Provan SA, Kvarenes HW, Gerlyng P, Zalmai A. Endokardittens mange ansikter. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2004; 124: 1788-90. PubMed 
  4. Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M et al. Prevention of infective endocarditis. Guidelines from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2007; 116: 1736-54. Circulation 
  5. Nasjonal faglig retningslinje for bruk av antibiotika i sykehus. Endokarditt. Helsedirektoratet, sist oppdatert 04.05.2017. helsedirektoratet.no 
  6. Mylonakis E, Calderwood SB. Infective endocarditis in adults. N Engl J Med 2001; 345: 1318-30. New England Journal of Medicine 
  7. Hill EE, Herijgers P, Herregods M-C, et al. Evolving trends in infective endocarditis. Clin Microbiol Infect 2006; 12: 5-12. PubMed 
  8. Miro JM, del Rio A, Mestres CA. Infective endocarditis in intravenous drug abusers and HIV-1 infected patients. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2002; 16: 273-95, vii-viii.
  9. Hoen B, Alla F, Selton-Suty C, Beguinot I, Bouvet A, Briancon S, et al. Changing profile of infective endocarditis: results of a 1-year survey in France. JAMA 2002; 288: 75-81. Journal of the American Medical Association 
  10. Cahill TJ , Raby J , Jewell PD , et al . Risk of infective endocarditis after surgical and transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Heart 2022; 108: 639–47. PMID: 35058295 PubMed 
  11. Murdoch DR, Corey GR, Hoen B, et al. Clinical presentation, etiology, and outcome of infective endocarditis in the 21st century. Arch Intern Med 2009; 169: 463-73. PubMed 
  12. Edouard S, Nabet C, Lepidi H, et al. Bartonella, a common cause of endocarditis: a report on 106 cases and review. J Clin Microbiol 2015; 53: 824-9. pmid:25540398 PubMed 
  13. Moreillon P, Que YA. Infective endocarditis. Lancet 2004; 363: 139-49. PubMed 
  14. Sjursen H. Antibiotikabehandling ved infeksiøs endokarditt. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2001; 121: 3300-5. PubMed 
  15. Netzer ROM, Zollinger E, Seiler C et al. Infective endocarditis: clinical spectrum, presentation and outcome. An analysis of 212 cases 1980 - 1995. Heart 2000; 84: 25 - 30. PubMed 
  16. Li JS, Sexton DJ, Mick N, Nettles R, Fowler VG Jr, Ryan T, et al. Proposed modifications to the Duke criteria for the diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Clin Infect Dis 2000; 30: 633-8. PubMed 
  17. Pierce D, Calkins BC, Thornton K. Infectious endocarditis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician 2012; 85: 981-6. American Family Physician 
  18. Selton-Suty C, Celard M, Le Moing V, et al. Preeminence of Staphylococcus aureus in infective endocarditis: a 1-year population-based survey. Clin Infect Dis 2012; 54: 1230-9. PubMed 
  19. Horstkotte D, Follath F, Gutschik E, Lengyel M, Oto A, Pavie A, et al. Guidelines on prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infective endocarditis: executive summary. Eur Heart J 2004; 25: 267-76. European Heart Journal 
  20. Lisby G, Gutschik E, Durack DT. Molecular methods for diagnosis of infective endocarditis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2002; 16: 393-412, x.
  21. Shively BK, Gurule F, Roldan CA et al. Diagnostic value of transoesophageal compared with transthoracic echocardiography in infective endocarditis. J Am Coll Cardiol 1991; 18: 391 - 7. PubMed 
  22. Nishimura RA, Carabello BA, Faxon DP, et al. ACC/AHA 2008 guideline update on valvular heart disease: Focused update on infective endocarditis: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines endorsed by the Society of Cardiovascular Anesthesiologists, Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions, and Society of Thoracic Surgeons. J A Coll Cardiol 2008; 52: 676-85. PubMed 
  23. Stokes T, Richey R, Wray D; Guideline Development Group. Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: summary of NICE guidance. Heart 2008; 84: 930-1. PubMed 
  24. Elliott TS, Foweraker J, Gould FK, Perry JD, Sandoe JA. Guidelines for the antibiotic treatment of endocarditis in adults: report of the working party of the British Society for Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. J Antimicrob Chemother 2004; 54: 971-81. PubMed 
  25. Jordal S, Sjursen H, Skulstad Davidsen E. Infeksiøs endokarditt. Prosedyre ved Helse Bergen. Publisert 12.12.2019. ek.helse-bergen.no 
  26. Narayanan MA, Haddad TM, Kalil AC, et al. Early versus late surgical intervention or medical management for infective endocarditis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Heart 2016; 0: 1-8. doi:10.1136/heartjnl-2015-308589 DOI 
  27. Sandoe JAT, Patel PA, Baig MW, West R. What is the effect ofpenicillin dosing interval on outcomes in streptococcal infective endocarditis?. J Antimicrob Chemother 2013. doi:10.1093/jac/dkt236
  28. Olaison L, Pettersson G. Current best practices and guidelines indications for surgical intervention in infective endocarditis. Infect Dis Clin North Am 2002; 16: 453-75, xi.
  29. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE). Prophylaxis against infective endocarditis: antimicrobial prophylaxis against infective endocarditis in adults and children undergoing interventional procedures. www.nice.org.uk 
  30. Alexiou C, Langley SM, Stafford H, Lowes JA, Livesey SA, Monro JL. Surgery for active culture-positive endocarditis: determinants of early and late outcome. Ann Thorac Surg 2000; 69: 1448-54. PubMed 
  31. Wilson W, Taubert KA, Gewitz M, et al.; American Heart Association Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease Committee; American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Disease in the Young; American Heart Association Council on Clinical Cardiology; American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Surgery and Anesthesia; Quality of Care and Outcomes Research Interdisciplinary Working Group. Prevention of infective endocarditis. Circulation 2007; 116: 1736-54. Circulation 
  32. 2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of infective endocarditis: the task force for the management of infective endocarditis of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Eur Heart J. 2015;36(44):3075–128. eurheartj.oxfordjournals.org 
  33. Thornhill MH, Dayer MJ, Prendergast B, et al. Incidence and nature of adverse reactions to antibiotics used as endocarditis prophylaxis. J Antimicrob Chemother 2015. DOI: 10.1093/jac/dkv115
  34. Sy RW, Kritharides L. Health care exposure and age in infective endocarditis: results of a contemporary population-based profile of 15326 patients in Australia. Eur Heart J 2010; 31: 1890-7. European Heart Journal