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Ortostatisk hypotensjon

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Miller ER and Appel LJ.High prevalence but uncertain clinical significance of orthostatic hypotension without symptoms. Circulation 2014. doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.012884 DOI  
  2. Lanier JB, Mote MB, Clay EC. Evaluation and management of orthostatic hypotension. Am Fam Physician 2011; 84: 527-36. American Family Physician  
  3. Freeman R, Wieling W, Axelrod FB, et al. Consensus statement on the definition of orthostatic hypotension, neurally mediated syncope and the postural tachycardia syndrome. Clin Auton Res 2011; 21:69. PubMed  
  4. Sathyapalan T, Aye MM, Atkin SL. Postural hypotension. BMJ 2011; 342:d3128. BMJ (DOI)  
  5. Eigenbrodt ML, Rose KM, Couper DJ, Arnett DK, Smith R, Jones D. Orthostatic hypotension as a risk factor for stroke: the atherosclerosis risk in communities (ARIC) study, 1987-1996. Stroke 2000; 31: 2307-13. Stroke  
  6. Finucane C, O'Connell MDL, Fan CW, et al. Age related normative changes in phasic orthostatic blood pressure in a large population study: Findings from the Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA). Circulation 2014 doi:10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.114.009831 DOI  
  7. Valbusa F, Labat C, Salvi P, et al. Orthostatic hypotension in very old individuals living in nursing homes: the PARTAGE study. J Hypertens 2012; 30:53. PubMed  
  8. Grubb BP, Karas B. Clinical disorders of the autonomic nervous system associated with orthostatic intolerance: an overview of classification, clinical evaluation, and management. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 1999; 22: 798-810. PubMed  
  9. Perlmuter LC, Sarda G, Casavant V, Mosnaim AD. A review of the etiology, associated comorbidities, and treatment of orthostatic hypotension. Am J Ther 2013; 20:279. PubMed  
  10. Brignole M, Moya A, de Lange FJ, et al. 2018 ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of syncope. Eur Heart J 2018; 21: 1883-1948. doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehy037 DOI  
  11. Metzler M, Duerr S, Granata R, et al. Neurogenic orthostatic hypotension: pathophysiology, evaluation, and management. J Neurol 2013; 260:2212. PubMed  
  12. Kirchhoff M, Hansen FR. Faldudredning. Ugeskr Læger 2004; 12: 1106. Ugeskrift for Læger  
  13. Kirchoff M, Schroll M. Forebyggelse af fald hos ældre. Ugeskr Læger 2002; 164: 5137-9. PubMed  
  14. Brandes A, Lund Henriksen F. Ortostatisk blodtryksmåling. Ugeskr Læger 2008; 170: 2704. Ugeskrift for Læger  
  15. Juraschek SP, Appel LJ, Mitchell CM, et al. Comparison of supine and seated orthostatic hypotension assessments and their association with falls and orthostatic symptoms. J Am Geriatr Soc 2022; 70: 2310-2319. pmid:35451096 PubMed  
  16. Juraschek SP, Daya N, Rawlings AM, et al. Association of History of Dizziness and Long-term Adverse Outcomes With Early vs Later Orthostatic Hypotension Assessment Times in Middle-aged Adults. JAMA Intern Med 2017. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2017.2937 DOI  
  17. Aksnes TA, Nodenes K, Gjesdal KT. Bruk av vippetest ved utredning av synkope. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2000; 120: 803-6. Tidsskrift for Den norske legeforening  
  18. Cadman CS. Medical therapy of neurocardiogenic syncope. Cardiol Clin 2001; 19: 203-13. PubMed  
  19. Mercader MA, Varghese PJ, Potolicchio SJ, Venkatraman GK, Lee SW. New insights into the mechanism of neurally mediated syncope. Heart 2002; 88: 217-21. PubMed  
  20. Brignole M, Alboni P, Benditt D, Bergfeldt L, Blanc JJ, Bloch Thomsen PE, et al for the Task Force on Syncope, European Society of Cardiology. Guidelines on management (diagnosis and treatment) of syncope. Eur Heart J 2001; 22: 1256-306. European Heart Journal  
  21. Luzza F, Pugliatti P, di Rosa S, Calabro D, Carerj S, Oreto G. Tilt-induced pseudosyncope. Int J Clin Pract 2003; 57: 373-5. PubMed  
  22. Ong AC, Myint PK, Shepstone L, et al. A systematic review of the pharmacological management of orthostatic hypotension. Int J Clin Pract 2013 Jul;67(7):633-46. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12122. DOI  
  • Ingard Løge, spesialist allmennmedisin, redaktør NEL

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Bjørnar Grenne, PhD, konst. overlege, Klinikk for hjertemedisin, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim