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Pneumocystose

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

Definisjon:
En opportunistisk soppinfeksjon med Pneumocystis jiroveci hos pasienter med svekket immunforsvar
Forekomst:
Sjelden, men den hyppigste opportunistiske infeksjonen blant pasienter infisert med hiv
Symptomer:
Vanlige symptomer er gradvis økende tungpust, ikke-produktiv hoste og lavgradig feber
Funn:
Er vanligvis takypné, takykardi og normale funn ved lungeauskultasjon
Diagnostikk:
Tilleggsundersøkelser er mikroskopi av spytt, bronkialskyllevæske, rtg. thorax, ev. CT thorax
Behandling:
Antibiotika
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  9. Ebner L, Walti LN, Rauch A, Furrer H, Cusini A, Meyer AM, et al. Clinical Course, Radiological Manifestations, and Outcome of Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia in HIV Patients and Renal Transplant Recipients. PLoS One. 2016; 11: e0164320.
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  14. Pareja JG, Garland R, Koziel H. Use of adjunctive corticosteroids in severe adult non-hiv Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia. Chest 1998; 113: 1215-1224. PubMed  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim (tilpasning til NEL)