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Postoperativ kvalme og oppkast

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


  • Ødegard A. Postoperativ kvalmebehandling. Norsk legemiddelhåndbok, sist publisert 24.02.2020.
  1. Ræder J. Postoperativ kvalme og oppkast. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2005; 125: 1831-2. PubMed  
  2. Gan TJ, Meyer T, Apfel CC, et al. Consensus guidelines for managing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg 2003; 97: 62-7. PubMed  
  3. Ødegard A. Postoperativ kvalmebehandling. Norsk legemiddelhåndbok, sist publisert 24.02.2020. legehandboka.no  
  4. Feinleib J, Kwan LH, Yamani A. Postoperative nausea and vomiting. UpToDate, last updated Jan 27, 2021. UpToDate  
  5. Becker DE. Nausea, vomiting, and hiccups: a review of mechanisms and treatment. Anesth Prog 2010; 57:150. PubMed  
  6. Weibel S, Rücker G, Eberhart LHJ,et al. Drugs for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting in adults after general anaesthesia: a network meta‐analysis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD012859 Cochrane (DOI)  
  7. De Oliveira GS Jr, Castro-Alves LJ, Chang R, Yaghmour E, McCarthy RJ. Systemic metoclopramide to prevent postoperative nausea and vomiting: a meta-analysis without Fujii's studies. Br J Anaesth. 2012;109(5):688-697. PMID: 23015617. PubMed  
  8. Apfel CC, Korttila K, Abdalla M et al. A factorial trial of six interventions for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting. N Engl J Med 2004; 350: 2441-51. New England Journal of Medicine  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim (tilpasning til NEL)

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Tarjei Rygnestad, overlege i anestesi, Klinikk Stokkan og professor dr. med. Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim