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Heshet og dysfoni

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. House SA, Fisher EL. Hoarseness in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2017 Dec 1;96(11):720-728. PMID: 29431404. PubMed  
  2. Schwartz SR, Cohen SM, Deutsch ES, et al. Clinical practice guideline: Hoarseness (dysphonia). Otolaryngology Head Neck Surgery 2009; 141: S1-S31. PMID: 19729111 PubMed  
  3. Dworkin JP. Laryngitis: types, causes, and treatments. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2008; 41: 419–36. PMID: 18328379 PubMed  
  4. Gallivan GJ, Gallivan KH, Gallivan HK. Inhaled corticosteroids: hazardous effects on voice–an update. J Voice 2007; 21: 101–111. PMID: 16442776 PubMed  
  5. Adams N, Lasserson TJ, Cates CJ, Jones PW. Fluticasone versus beclomethasone or budesonide for chronic asthma in adults and children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev, issue 4, 2007. CD002310. Cochrane (DOI)  
  6. Ford CN. Evaluation and management of laryngopharyngeal reflux. JAMA 2005; 294: 1534–40. PMID: 16189367 PubMed  
  7. Cohen SM, Garrett CG. Hoarseness: is it really laryngopharyngeal reflux? Laryngoscope 2008; 118: 363–6. PMID: 18025948 PubMed  
  8. Pontes P, Brasolotto A, Behlau M. Glottic characteristics and voice complaint in the elderly. J Voice. 2005;19:84-94. PubMed  
  9. Davids T, Klein AM, Johns MM III. Current dysphonia trends in patients over the age of 65: is vocal atrophy becoming more prevalent? Laryngoscope. 2012;122(2):332–335. PMID: 22252988. PubMed  
  10. Zelazny SK, Thibeault SL, Dailey S. Assessment of hoarseness and dysphonia. BMJ Best Practice, last updated 22 Jun 2018. bestpractice.bmj.com  
  11. Kamalipour H, Mowla A, Saadi MH, Davari HR, Kamali K. Determination of the incidence and severity of hoarseness after cardiac surgery. Med Sci Monit 2006; 12: 206–9. PMID: 16641877 PubMed  
  12. Altman KW, Atkinson C, Lazarus C. Current and emerging concepts in muscle tension dysphonia: a 30-month review. J Voice 2005; 19: 261–7. PMID: 15907440 PubMed  
  13. Grillone GA, Chan T. Laryngeal dystonia. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2006; 39: 87–100. PMID: 16469657 PubMed  
  14. Altieri A, Garavello W, Bosetti C, Gallus S, La Vecchia C. Alcohol consumption and risk of laryngeal cancer. Oral Oncol 2005; 41: 956–65. PMID: 15927525 PubMed  
  15. Qadeer MA, Colabianchi N, Strome M, Vaezi MF. Gastroesophageal reflux and laryngeal cancer: causation of association? A critical review. Am J Otolaryngol 2006; 27: 119–28. PMID: 16500476 PubMed  
  16. Trail M, Fox C, Ramig LO, et al. Speech treatment for Parkinson's disease. NeuroRehabilitation. 2005;20:205-221. PubMed  
  17. Bartels H, Dikkers FG, van der Wal JE, Lokhorst HM, Hazenberg BP. Laryngeal amyloidosis: localized versus systemic disease and update on diagnosis and therapy. Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2004; 113: 741–8. PMID: 15453534 PubMed  
  18. Andrus JG, Shapshay SM. Contemporary management of laryngeal papilloma in adults and children. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2006; 39: 135–58. PMID: 16469660 PubMed  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, redaktør NEL

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Hasse Melbye, spesialist i allmennmedisin, førsteamanuensis ved institutt for samfunnsmedisin, Universitetet i Tromsø
  • Leif Bjermer, professor i lungesykdommer, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim