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Analfissur

Sprekkdannelse i analåpningen gjør det smertefullt å gå på do. Tilstanden forekommer både blant barn og voksne. De fleste blir bra med lokal behandling.

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Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/sykdommer/barn/magetarm/analfissur/ 

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Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Analfissur. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. Stewart DB Sr, Gaertner W, Glasgow S, et al. Clinical practice guideline for the management of anal fissures. Dis Colon Rectum 2017; 60:7. PubMed 
  2. Cohee MW, Hurff A, Gazewood JD. Benign Anorectal Conditions: Evaluation and Management. Am Fam Physician. 2020;101(1):24-33. PMID: 31894930 PubMed 
  3. Zaghiyan KN, Fleshner P. Anal fissure. Clin Colon Rectal Surg 2011; 24:22. PubMed 
  4. Madalinski MH. Identifying the best therapy for chronic anal fissure. World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther 2011; 2:9. PubMed 
  5. Cross KL, Massey EJ, Fowler AL, et al; ACPGBI. The management of anal fissure: ACPGBI position statement. Colorectal Dis. 2008;10(suppl 3):1-7.
  6. Altomare DF, Binda GA, Canuti S, et al. The management of patients with primary chronic anal fissure: a position paper. Tech Coloproctol. 2011;15:135-141. PubMed 
  7. Nelson RL, Thomas K, Morgan J, Jones A. Non surgical therapy for anal fissure. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD003431. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003431.pub3. DOI 
  8. Tejirian T, Abbas MA. Sitz bath: Where is the evidence? Scientific basis of a common practice. Dis Colon Rectum 2005; 48: 2336-40. PubMed 
  9. Samim M, Twigt B, Stoker L, Pronk A. Topical diltiazem cream versus botulinum toxin a for the treatment of chronic anal fissure: a double-blind randomized clinical trial. Ann Surg. 2012 Jan. 255 (1):18-22.
  10. Nelson RL, Manuel D, Gumienny C, et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the treatment of anal fissure. Tech Coloproctol. 2017;21(8):605–625. PMID: 28795245 PubMed 
  11. Gandomkar H, Zeinoddini A, Heidari R, et al. Partial lateral internal sphincterotomy versus combined botulinum toxin A injection and topical diltiazem in the treatment of chronic anal fissure: a randomized clinical trial. Dis Colon Rectum. 2015;58(2):228–234. PMID: 25585082 PubMed 
  12. Shao WJ, Li GC, Zhang ZK. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials comparing botulinum toxin injection with lateral internal sphincterotomy for chronic anal fissure. Int J Colorectal Dis. 2009 Sep. 24 (9):995-1000.
  13. Brisinda G, Cadeddu F, Brandara F, Marniga G, Maria G. Randomized clinical trial comparing botulinum toxin injections with 0.2 per cent nitroglycerin ointment for chronic anal fissure. Br J Surg 2007; 94: 162-7. PubMed 
  14. Nelson RL, Chattopadhyay A, Brooks W, et al. Operative procedures for fissure in ano. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2011;(11):CD002199. The Cochrane Library 
  15. Liang J, Church JM. Lateral internal sphincterotomy for surgically recurrent chronic anal fissure. Am J Surg. 2015;210(4):715–719.
  16. Gupta V, Rodrigues G, Prabhu R, et al. Open versus closed lateral internal anal sphincterotomy in the management of chronic anal fissures: a prospective randomized study. Asian J Surg. 2014;37(4):178–183.
  17. Poritz LS. Anal fissure treatment & management. Medscape, last updated Dec 15, 2017.
  18. Fargo MV, Latimer KM. Evaluation and management of common anorectal conditions. Am Fam Physician 2012; 85: 624-30. American Family Physician