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Diaré, akutt, veiviser

Akutt diaré er nesten alltid forårsaket av mikroorganismer, vanligvis virus, sjeldnere bakterier.

Sist revidert:

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Del pasientinformasjon

Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/symptomer/barn/diare-akutt-veiviser/ 

Hva er akutt diaré?

Forekomst

Vurdering av akutt diaré

Hva kan årsaken være?

Vanlige generelle årsaker

Vanlige spesifikke tarminfeksjoner

Kroniske betennelsessykdommer i tarmen

Hva kan du gjøre selv?

Når bør du søke lege?

Hva gjør legen?

Sykehistorien

Legeundersøkelsen

Andre undersøkelser

Henvisning til spesialist eller sykehus

Kilder

Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Diaré, akutt. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. Barr W, Smith A. Acute diarrhea in adults. Am Fam Physician. 2014 Feb 1;89(3):180-189. PubMed 
  2. WHO. Diarrhoeal disease. Key facts. Published 2 May 2017. www.who.int 
  3. De Bruyn G. Diarrhea in adults (acute). Am Fam Physician. 2008;78(4):503–504.
  4. Farthing M, Salam MA, Lindberg G, et al.; World Gastroenterology Organisation. Acute diarrhea in adults and children: a global perspective. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2013;47(1):12–20.
  5. Heather CS. Travellers' diarrhoea. BMJ Clin Evid. 2015;2015:0901. Published 2015 Apr 30. PMID: 25928418 PubMed 
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Vital signs: preventing Clostridium difficile infections. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2012;61(9):157–162.
  7. Shen B, Khan K, Ikenberry SO, et al.; ASGE Standards of Practice Committee. The role of endoscopy in the management of patients with diarrhea. Gastrointest Endosc. 2010;71(6):887–892.
  8. Gadewar S, Fasano A. Current concepts in the evaluation, diagnosis and management of acute infectious diarrhea. Curr Opin Pharmacol. 2005;5(6):559–565.
  9. Macgillivray S, Fahey T, McGuire W. Lactose avoidance for young children with acute diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2013 Oct 31;10:CD005433 Cochrane (DOI) 
  10. Allen SJ, Martinez EG, Gregorio GV, Dans LF. Probiotics for treating acute infectious diarrhoea. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2010;(11): CD003048. Cochrane (DOI) 
  11. Vandenplas Y, Salvatore S, Viera M et al. Probiotics in infectious diarrhoea in children: are they indicated? Eur J Pediatr 2007.
  12. Riddle MS, Arnold S, Tribble DR. Effect of adjunctive loperamide in combination with antibiotics on treatment outcomes in traveler's diarrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clin Infect Dis. 2008;47(8):1007–1014.
  13. Zollner-Schwetz I, Krause R. Therapy of acute gastroenteritis: role of antibiotics. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2015; 21: 744-9. www.clinicalmicrobiologyandinfection.com 
  14. Helsedirektoratet. Nasjonale faglige retningslinjer. Antibiotika i sykehus. Gastroenteritt. Sist faglig oppdatert: 08. januar 2018. www.helsedirektoratet.no 
  15. Gregorio GV, Gonzales MLM, Dans LF, Martinez EG. Polymer-based oral rehydration solution for treating acute watery diarrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD006519. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006519.pub2. DOI 
  16. World Health Organization. The treatment of diarrhoea. A manual for physicians and other senior health workers. 2005. Accessed October 1, 2013.
  17. Ejemot-Nwadiaro RI, Ehiri JE, Arikpo D, Meremikwu MM, Critchley JA. Hand washing promotion for preventing diarrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD004265. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD004265.pub3. DOI