Hopp til hovedinnhold

Kvalme og brekninger

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Koch KL. Assessment of nausea and vomiting, adults. BestPractice, last updated 07 Nov, 2019.
  2. Anderson WD, Strayer SM. Evaluation of nausea and vomiting in adults: a case-based approach. Am Fam Physician 2013; 88: 371-9. American Family Physician  
  3. Longstreth GF. Approach to the adult with nausea and vomiting. UpToDate, last updated Sep 30, 2020. UpToDate  
  4. Audi J, Belson M, Patel M, Schier J, Osterloh J. Ricin poisoning: a comprehensive review. JAMA 2005; 294: 2342-51. Journal of the American Medical Association  
  5. Scallan E, Hoekstra RM, Angulo FJ, et al. Foodborne illness acquired in the United States—major pathogens. Emerg Infect Dis. 2011;17(1):7–15.
  6. Borland ML, Dalziel SR, Phillips N, et al. Vomiting With Head Trauma and Risk of Traumatic Brain Injury. Pediatrics. 2018;141(4):e20173123. PMID: 29599113. PubMed  
  7. Detsky ME, McDonald DR, Baerlocher MO, Tomlinson GA, McCrory DC, Booth CM. Does this patient with headache have a migraine or need neuroimaging? JAMA. 2006; 296(10): 1274–1283.
  8. Hejazi RA, McCallum RW. Review article: cyclic vomiting syndrome in adults--rediscovering and redefining an old entity. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2011;34:263-273. PubMed  
  9. Smith JE, Hall EJ. The use of plain abdominal x rays in the emergency department. Emerg Med J. 2009;26(3):160–163.
  10. Lindblad AJ, Koppula S. Ginger for nausea and vomiting of pregnancy. Can Fam Physician. 2016 Feb;62(2):145. PMID: 26884528 PubMed  
  11. Matthews A, Haas DM, O'Mathúna DP, Dowswell T, Doyle M. Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007575. The Cochrane Library  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim (tilpasning til NEL)