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Tannkjøttbetennelse, gingivitt og periodontitt

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


Definisjon:
Betennelse i tannkjøttet (gingivitt) som skyldes en patogenetisk mikroflora i biofilmen eller de dentale plakkene som dannes nær tennene
Forekomst:
Gingivitt forekommer hos 50-90% av alle voksne i verden
Symptomer:
Dårlig ånde og tannkjøtt som lett blør ved tannpuss og bruk av tanntråd
Funn:
Tannkjøttet er svullent, glinsende, mørkerødt og lettblødende
Diagnostikk:
Ev. røntgen
Behandling:
God munnhygiene med regelmessig tannpuss og bruk av tanntråd
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  19. Renvert S, Lessem J, Dahlen G, Lindahl C, Svensson M. Topical minocycline microspheres versus topical chlorhexidine gel as an adjunct to mechanical debridement of incipient peri-implant infections: a randomized clinical trial. J Clin Periodontol 2006; 33: 362-9. PubMed  
  20. Handal T, Enersen M. Marginal periodontitt. Antibiotikabruk i primærhelsetjenesten. Sist publisert 09.05.2018. www.antibiotikaiallmennpraksis.no  
  21. Axelsson P, Nystrom B and Lindhe J. The long-term effect of a plaque control program on tooth mortality, caries and periodontal disease in adults. Results after 30 years of maintenance. J Clin Periodontol 2004; 31: 749-57. PubMed  
  22. Yaacob M, Worthington HV, Deacon SA, et al. Powered versus manual toothbrushing for oral health. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014;6:CD002281. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002281.pub3 DOI  
  23. Johnson GK and Hill M. Cigarette smoking and the periodontal patient. J Periodontol 2004; 75: 196-209. PubMed  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Juliane Mellemstrand Gaustad, tannlege, Saupstad tannklinikk