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Analkreft

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


Definisjon:
Kreft lokalisert i området fra analåpningen til indre sfinkter, opptil 4-5 cm fra analåpningen
Forekomst:
Analkreft er sjeldent i Norge, med kun 40-50 nye tilfeller hvert år
Symptomer:
Blødning og palpabel, hard svulst
Funn:
Vanligvis en litt ujevn, fortykket rød forandring i slimhinnen, gjerne som en knute
Diagnostikk:
Rektoskopi med biopsi og ultralyd
Behandling:
Stråleterapi kombinert med kjemoterapi, men kirurgi er aktuelt ved små perianale svulster, manglende tumorkontroll og ved lokale bivirkninger. Forebyggende behandling med HPV-vaksine
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  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim