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Crohns sykdom

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


Definisjon:
Kronisk, inflammatorisk sykdom som kan ramme hele GI-tractus. Årsaken er ukjent men mikrobiota i tarm har stort forskningsfokus. Arv disponerer og røyking forverrer sykdomsforløp
Forekomst:
Insidensen i Norge er ca. 7 per 100.000 per år, høyest i aldersgruppen fra 20-30 år. Det foreligger en kraftig økning i forekomst hos barn
Symptomer:
Avhenger av lokalisasjon og alvorlighetsgrad. Magesmerter, intermitterende løs avføring, vekttap.
Funn:
Ved palpasjon kan man finne lokalisert ømhet/smerter. Vekststagnasjon hos barn, diaré og vekttap hos voksne
Diagnostikk:
Kalprotectin i feces er vanligvis forhøyet. Inflammasjonsparametre som CRP og SR kan være forhøyet
Behandling:
Tar sikte på å indusere og opprettholde remisjon. Kortikosteroider og biologisk behandling. Eksklusiv enteral ernæring brukes fortsatt hos barn
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  • Bjørn Moum, professor i gastroenterologi, Oslo Universitetssykehus

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim
  • Kurt Østhuus Krogh, spesialist i barnesykdommer, Redaksjonsmedarbeider NHI/ overlege Barne- og ungdomsklinikken, St. Olavs Hospital
  • Jan H. Dybdahl, overlege, dr.med., Medisinsk avdeling, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim