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Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Yew JS, Diagnostic approach to patients with tinnitus. Am Fam Physician 2014, Jan 15;89(2):106-113.
  2. Hoare DJ, Edmondson-Jones M, Sereda M, et al. Amplification with hearing aids for patients with tinnitus and co-existing hearing loss. Cochrane Database of Syst Rev 2014, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010151. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010151.pub2. DOI  
  3. Elverland HH. Medikamentell behandling av tinnitus. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2005; 125: 3275-6. PubMed  
  4. Biswas R, Lugo A, Akeroyd MA, et al. Tinnitus prevalence in Europe: a multi-country cross-sectional population study. Lancet Reg Health Eur 2021. pmid:34950918 PubMed  
  5. Jarach CM, Lugo A, Scala M, et al. Global Prevalence and Incidence of Tinnitus A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Neurol 2022; 79: 888-900. pmid:35939312 PubMed  
  6. Kvestad E, Czajkowski N, Engdahl B, Hoffman HJ, Tambs K. Low Heritability of Tinnitus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2010; 136: 178-82. PubMed  
  7. Folmer RL, Martin WH, Shi Y. Tinnitus: Questions to reveal the cause, answers to provide relief. J Fam Prac 2004; 53: 532-40. PubMed  
  8. Baguley D, McFerran D, Hall D. Tinnitus. Lancet 2013; 382: 1600-7. pmid:23827090 PubMed  
  9. Vanoverschelde A, Oosterloo BC, Ly NF, et al. Macrolide-associated ototoxicity: a cross-sectional and longitudinal study to assess the association of macrolide use with tinnitus and hearing loss. J Antimicrob Chemother 2021. pmid:34312676 PubMed  
  10. Gopinath B, McMahon CM, Rochtchina E, Karpa MJ, Mitchell P. Risk factors and impacts of incident tinnitus in older adults. Ann Epidemiol. 2010;20(2):129–135.
  11. Bernhardt O, Gesch D, Schwahn C, et al. Signs of temporomandibular disorders in tinnitus patients and in a population-based group of volunteers: results of the Study of Health in Pomerania. J Oral Rehabil. 2004;31(4):311–319.
  12. Fortnum H, O'Neill C, Taylor R, et al. The role of magnetic resonance imaging in the identification of suspected acoustic neuroma: a systematic review of clinical and cost effectiveness and natural history. Health Technol Assess. 2009;13(18):iii–iv, ix–xi, 1–154.
  13. Sajjadi H, Paparella MM. Meniere's disease. Lancet. 2008;372(9636):406–414.
  14. Sismanis A, Girevendoulis A. Pulsatile tinnitus associated with internal carotid artery morphologic abnormalities. Otol Neurotol. 2008; 29(7):1032–1036.
  15. Folmer RL, Shi BY. Chronic tinnitus resulting from cerumen removal procedures. Int Tinnitus J. 2004;10(1):42–46.
  16. Dobie RA. Depression and tinnitus. Otolaryngol Clin North Am 2003; 36: 383 – 8. PMID: 12856305 PubMed  
  17. Baldo P, Doree C, Molin P, McFerran D, Cecco S. Antidepressants for patients with tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD003853. Cochrane (DOI)  
  18. Hoekstra CEL, Rynja SP, van Zanten GA, Rovers MM. Anticonvulsants for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD007960. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007960.pub2. DOI  
  19. Cima RF, Andersson G, Schmidt CJ, Henry JA. Cognitive-behavioral treatments for tinnitus: a review of the literature. J Am Acad Audiol. 2014 ;25(1):29-61. doi: 10.3766/jaaa.25.1.4. DOI  
  20. Fuller T, Cima R, Langguth B, et al. Cognitive behavioural therapy for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2020, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD012614. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012614.pub2. Accessed 12 January 2021. The Cochrane Library  
  21. Cima RFF, Maes IH, Joore MA, et al. Specialised treatment based on cognitive behaviour therapy versus usual care for tinnitus: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2012; 379: 1951-9. PubMed  
  22. Weise C, Heinecke K, Rief W. Biofeedback-based behavioral treatment for chronic tinnitus: results of a randomized controlled trial. J Consult Clin Psychol 2008; 76: 1046-57. PubMed  
  23. Grewal R, Spielmann PM, Jones SE, et al. Clinical efficacy of tinnitus retraining therapy and cognitive behavioural therapy in the treatment of subjective tinnitus: a systematic review. J Laryngol Otol. 2014 Dec;128(12):1028-33. Epub 2014 Nov 24.
  24. Phillips JS, McFerran D. Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD007330. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007330.pub2. DOI  
  25. Hobson J, Chisholm E, El Refaie A. Sound therapy (masking) in the management of tinnitus in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD006371. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006371.pub3. DOI  
  26. Meng Z, Liu S, Zheng Y, Phillips JS. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for tinnitus. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD007946. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007946.pub2. The Cochrane Library  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Kurt Østhuus Krogh, spesialist i barnesykdommer, Barne- og ungdomsklinikken, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim
  • Per Møller, spesialist i øre/nese/hals, Haukeland sykehus, professor, Universitetet i Bergen