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Nærsynthet

Nærsynthet skyldes at brennpunktet for synsinntrykk ligger foran netthinnen, "øyet er for stort". Tilstanden behandles med briller, kontaktlinser, laseroperasjon eller ved innsetting av kunstig linse inne i øyet.

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Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/sykdommer/barn/oye/narsynthet/ 

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Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Nærsynthet, myopi. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. Li SM, Li SY, Liu LR, et al. Peripheral refraction in 7- and 14-year-old children in central China: the Anyang Childhood Eye Study. Br J Ophthalmol 2015; 99:674 British Journal of Ophthalmology 
  2. Midelfart A, Kinge B, Midelfart S, Lydersen S. Prevalens av brytningsfeil i Norge. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2004; 124: 46-8. PubMed 
  3. Vitale S, Sperduto RD, Ferris FL. Increased prevalence of myopia in the United States between 1971-1972 and 1999-2004. Arch Ophtalmol 2009; 127: 1632-9. PubMed 
  4. Lee KE, Klein BEK, Klein R, Wong TY. Changes in refraction over 10 Years in an adult population: The Beaver Dam Eye Study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2002; 43: 2566 - 71. PubMed 
  5. Cordain L, Eaton SB, Miller JB, Lindeberg S, Jensen C. An evolutionary analysis of the aetiology and pathogenesis of juvenile-onset myopia. Acta Ophthalmol Scand 2002; 80: 125 - 35. PubMed 
  6. Saw S-M, Wu H-M, Seet B, Wong T-Y, Yap E, Chia K-S et al. Academic achievement, close up work parameters, and myopia in Singapore military conscripts. Br J Ophthalmol 2001; 85: 855 - 60. British Journal of Ophthalmology 
  7. Taravella M. LASIK myopia. Medscape, last updated Dec 03, 2018. emedicine.medscape.com 
  8. Alio JL, Muftuoglu O, Ortiz D, et al. Ten-year follow-up of laser in situ keratomileusis for myopia of up to -10 diopters. Am J Ophthalmol 2008; 145: 46-54. PubMed 
  9. Barsam A, Allan BD. Excimer laser refractive surgery versus phakic intraocular lenses for the correction of moderate to high myopia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 ;6:CD007679. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007679.pub4. DOI 
  10. Cooper J, Tkatchenko AV. A review of current concepts of the etiology and treatment of myopia. Eye Contact Lens. 2018;44(4):231-247. PubMed 
  11. Yam JC, Jiang Y, Tang SM, et al. Low-Concentration Atropine for Myopia Progression (LAMP) study: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of 0.05%, 0.025%, and 0.01% atropine eye drops in myopia control. Low-concentration Atropine for Myopia Progression. Ophthalmology. 2018 Jul 6.
  12. Chia A, Lu Q-S, Tan D. Five-Year Clinical trial on atropine for the treatment of myopia 2. Ophtalmology, published online Aug 11 2015. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ophtha.2015.07.004