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Synssvakhet hos småbarn (amblyopi)

Amblyopi er nedsatt synsskarphet som følge av unormal synsutvikling i spedbarnsalderen og tidlig småbarnsalder. En vanlig forklaring er skjeling der utviklingen av synet på det ene øyet undertrykkes.

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Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/sykdommer/barn/oye/synssvakhet-hos-smabarn-amblyopi/ 

Hva er amblyopi?

Barn som skjeler konstant (manifest strabisme)

Ensidig brytningsfeil (langsynthet)

Fysiske hinder (deprivasjon)

Briller

Øyelapp

Prognose

Tidlig diagnose

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Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Amblyopi. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. McConaghy JR, McGuirk R. Amblyopia: Detection and Treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2019 Dec 15;100(12):745-750. PubMed 
  2. Bradfield YS. Identification and treatment of amblyopia. Am Fam Physician 2013; 87: 348-52. American Family Physician 
  3. Holmes JM, Lazar EL, Melia BM, et al.; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Effect of age on response to amblyopia treatment in children. Arch Ophthalmol 2011;129(11):1451-7. PubMed 
  4. National Eye Institute. Amblyopia. Accessed 05.06.2019. www.nei.nih.gov 
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  10. Arnold RW, O'Neil JW, Cooper KL, et al. Evaluation of a smartphone photoscreening app to detect refractive amblyopia risk factors in children aged 1–6 years. Clin Ophthalmol. 2018;12:1533–1537. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov 
  11. Scheiman MM, Hertle RW, Beck RW, Edwards AR, Birch E, Cotter SA, et al., for the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Randomized trial of treatment of amblyopia in children aged 7 to 17 years. Arch Ophthalmol 2005; 123: 437-47. PubMed 
  12. Scheiman MM, Hertle RW, Kraker RT, et al.; Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group. Patching vs atropine to treat amblyopia in children aged 7 to 12 years: a randomized trial. Arch Ophthalmol 2008;126(12):1634-42. PubMed 
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