Hopp til hovedinnhold

Palliativ behandling av kakeksi og dehydrering

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  • Nasjonal kompetansetjeneste for sykdomsrelatert underernæring (NKSU) - nettsted 
  • Helsedirektoratet, Nasjonalt handlingsprogram med retningslinjer for palliasjon i kreftomsorgen, revidert 2019. 
  1. Nishikawa H, Goto M, Fukunishi S, Asai A, Nishiguchi S, Higuchi K. Cancer Cachexia: Its Mechanism and Clinical Significance. Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22(16):8491. Published 2021 Aug 6. PMID: 34445197 PubMed  
  2. Zagzag J., Hu M.I., Fisher S.B., Perrier N.D. Hypercalcemia and cancer: Differential diagnosis and treatment. Cancer J. Clin. 2018;68:377–386. PMID: 34445197 PubMed  
  3. Helsedirektoratet. Nasjonalt handlingsprogram for palliasjon i kreftomsorgen. Utgitt 10/2019. keff.no  
  4. Muscaritoli M, Anker SD, Argilés J, et al. Consensus definition of sarcopenia, cachexia and pre-cachexia: joint document elaborated by Special Interest Groups (SIG) "cachexia-anorexia in chronic wasting diseases" and "nutrition in geriatrics". Clin Nutr. 2010;29(2):154-159. PubMed  
  5. Strömgren AS, Goldschmidt D, Groenvold M et al. Self-assessment in cancer patients referred to palliative care. Cancer 2002; 94: 512-20. PubMed  
  6. Petruzzelli M., Wagner E.F. Mechanisms of metabolic dysfunction in cancer-associated cachexia. Genes Dev. 2016;30:489–501. PMID: 26944676 PubMed  
  7. Wakabayashi H, Arai H, Inui A. The regulatory approval of anamorelin for treatment of cachexia in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer in Japan: facts and numbers. J Cachexia Sarcopenia Muscle. 2021;12(1):14-16. PubMed  
  8. Rausch V., Sala V., Penna F., Porporato P.E., Ghigo A. Understanding the common mechanisms of heart and skeletal muscle wasting in cancer cachexia. Oncogene. 2021;10:1–13.
  9. Caillet P, Liuu E, Raynaud Simon A, et al. Association between cachexia, chemotherapy and outcomes in older cancer patients: A systematic review. Clin Nutr. 2017;36(6):1473-1482. PubMed  
  10. Lim YL, Teoh SE, Yaow CYL et al. A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of the Clinical Use of Megestrol Acetate for Cancer-Related Anorexia/Cachexia. J Clin Med. 2022 Jun 28;11(13):3756. PMID: 35807039 PubMed  
  11. Fabi A, Bhargava R, Fatigoni S, et al. Cancer-related fatigue: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment. Ann Oncol. 2020;31(6):713-723. PubMed  
  • Silje Folven Barlindhaug, spesialist i allmennmedisin, redaksjonsmedarbeider i NEL

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim (tilpasning til NEL)