Hopp til hovedinnhold

Stamming

Stamming er ufrivillig manglende flyt i språket og ujevn tale. Jo yngre barnet er når det kommer under behandling, jo høyere er sjansen for at stammingen forsvinner. Noen barn blir helt kvitt stammingen uten behandling, men det finnes ingen god metode for å finne ut hvem som må ha behandling.

Sist revidert:

QR
Del pasientinformasjon

Den ligger åpent tilgjengelig på NHI.no sammen annen relevant informasjon

https://nhi.no/sykdommer/psykisk-helse/barnepsykiatri/stamming/ 

Hva er stamming?

Forekomst

Ulike typer stamming

Årsak

Problemer knyttet til stamming

Ulike grader av stamming

Henvisning til logoped

Behandling

Hva kan dere gjøre selv?

Annen behandling

Prognose

Vil du vite mer?

Kilder

Referanser

Dette dokumentet er basert på det profesjonelle dokumentet Stamming. Referanselisten for dette dokumentet vises nedenfor.

  1. Sander RW, Osborne CA. Stuttering: Understanding and Treating a Common Disability. Am Fam Physician. 2019;100(9):556-560. PMID: 31674746 PubMed 
  2. Kefalianos E, Onslow M, Packman A, et al. The history of stuttering by 7 years of age: follow-up of a prospective community cohort. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2017;60(10):2828–2839. PMID: 28979988. PubMed 
  3. Yairi E, Ambrose N. Epidemiology of stuttering: 21st century advances. J Fluency Disord. 2013;38(2):66-87. PubMed 
  4. Perez H, et al. Stuttering: Clinical and research update. Canadian Family Physician. 2016;62:479. PubMed 
  5. O'Brian S. Onslow M. Clinical management of stuttering in children and adults. BMJ 2011; 342: d3742. BMJ (DOI) 
  6. Bosshardt HG. Cognitive processing load as a determinant of stuttering: summary of a research programme. Clin Linguist Phon 2006; 20: 371-85. PubMed 
  7. Smith A, Weber C. How stuttering develops: the multifactorial dynamics pathway theory. J Speech Lang Hear Res. 2017;60(9):2483–2505. PMID: 28837728 PubMed 
  8. Qiao J, Wang Z, Zhao G, et al. Functional neural circuits that underlie developmental stuttering. PLoS One. 2017;12(7):e0179255.
  9. Chang SE. Research updates in neuroimaging studies of children who stutter. Semin Speech Lang. 2014;35(2):67–79. PMID: 24875668 PubMed 
  10. Neef NE, Anwander A, Friederici AD. The neurobiological grounding of persistent stuttering: from structure to function. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. 2015;15(9):63. PubMed 
  11. Langevin M, Packman A, Onslow M. Parent perceptions of the impact of stuttering on their preschoolers and themselves. J Commun Disord. 2010;43(5):407–423. PMID: 20599207 PubMed 
  12. Smith KA, Iverach L, O'Brian S, et al. Anxiety of children and adolescents who stutter: a review. J Fluency Disord. 2014;40:22–34. PMID: 24929464 PubMed 
  13. Karrass J, Walden TA, Conture EG, et al. Relation of emotional reactivity and regulation to childhood stuttering. J Commun Disord 2006; 39: 402-23. PubMed 
  14. Johnson CJ, Beitchman JH, Young A, et al. Fourteen-year follow-up of children with and without speech/language impairments: Speech/language stability and outcomes. J Speech Lang Hear Res 1999; 42: 744. PubMed 
  15. Banerjee S, Casenhiser D, Hedinger T, et al. The perceived impact of stuttering on personality as measured by the NEO-FFI-3. Logoped Phoniatr Vocol. 2017;42(1):22–28. PMID: 26981706 PubMed 
  16. Boyle MP. Personal perceptions and perceived public opinion about stuttering in the United States: implications for anti-stigma campaigns. Am J Speech Lang Pathol. 2017;26(3):921–938. PMID: 28785764 PubMed 
  17. Logan KJ, O'Connor EM. Factors affecting occupational advice for speakers who do and do not stutter. J Fluency Disord. 2012;37(1):25–41
  18. Carter J, Musher K. Evaluation and treatment of speech and language disorders in children. UpToDate, last updated Sep 28, 2017. UpToDate 
  19. Blomgren M. Behavioral treatments for children and adults who stutter: a review. Psychol Res Behav Manag. 2013;6:9-19. Published 2013 Jun 10. PMID: 23785248 PubMed 
  20. Subasi M, Van Borsel J, Van Eerdenbrugh S. The Lidcombe Program for Early Stuttering in Non-English-Speaking Countries: A Systematic Review published online ahead of print, 2021 Jul 21. Folia Phoniatr Logop. 2021;1-14. PMID: 34289470 PubMed 
  21. Shafiei B, Faramarzi S, Abedi A, Dehqan A, Scherer RC. Effects of the Lidcombe Program and Parent-Child Interaction Therapy on Stuttering Reduction in Preschool Children. Folia Phoniatr Logop. 2019;71(1):29-41. PubMed 
  22. Venkatagiri HS. Recent advances in the treatment of stuttering: a theoretical perspective. J Commun Disord 2005; 38: 375-93. PubMed 
  23. Ratner NB, Guitar B. Treatment of very early stuttering and parent-administered therapy: the state of the art. In: Ratner NB, Tetnowski J. Current Issues in Stuttering Research and Practice. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 2006: 99-124.
  24. Bothe AK, Davidow JH, Bramlett RE, Franic DM, Ingham RJ. Stuttering treatment research 1970-2005: II. Systematic review incorporating trial quality assessment of pharmacological approaches. Am J Speech Lang Pathol 2006; 15: 342-52. PubMed 
  25. Armson J, Kiefte M, Mason J, De Croos D. The effect of SpeechEasy on stuttering frequency in laboratory conditions. J Fluency Disord 2006; 31: 137-52. PubMed 
  26. Lincoln M, Packman A, Onslow M. Altered auditory feedback and the treatment of stuttering: a review. J Fluency Disord 2006; 31: 71-89. PubMed 
  27. Pollard R, Ellis JB, Finan D, Ramig PR. Effects of the SpeechEasy on objective and perceived aspects of stuttering: a 6-month, phase I clinical trial in naturalistic environments. J Speech Lang Hear Res 2009; 52: 516-33. PubMed 
  28. Green T, Jøraas T. Behandling av stamming med tekniske hjelpemidler. Tidsskr Nor Lægeforen 2005; 125: 3152-3. PubMed 
  29. Yairi E, Ambrose N. Early childhood stuttering. For clinicians by clinicians.. Pro-Ed. Austin, Texas, 2005.
  30. Wittke-Thompson JK, Ambrose N, Yairi E, et al. Genetic studies of stuttering in a founder population. J Fluency Disord 2007; 32: 33-50. PubMed 
  31. Suresh R, Ambrose N, Roe C, et al. New complexities in the genetics of stuttering: significant sex-specific linkage signals. Am J Hum Genet 2006; 78: 554-63. PubMed