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Elektrokonvulsiv terapi (ECT)

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:

  1. Lisanby, SH. Electroconvulsive therapy for depression. N Engl J Med 2007; 357: 1939-45. PubMed  
  2. Sanacora G, Mason GF, Rothman DL, et al. Increased cortical GABA concentrations in depressed patients receiving ECT. Am J Psychiatry 2003; 160: 577-9. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.160.3.577 DOI  
  3. Bajbouj M, Lang UE, Niehaus L, Hellen FE, Heuser I, Neu P. Effects of right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy on motor cortical excitability in depressive patients. J Psychiatr Res 2006; 40: 322-7. PubMed  
  4. Perera TD, Coplan JD, Lisanby SH, et al. Antidepressant-induced neurogenesis in the hippocampus of adult nonhuman primates. J Neurosci 2007; 27: 4894-901. PubMed  
  5. Helsedirektoratet. Nasjonal faglig retningslinje om bruk av elektronkonvulsiv behandling - ECT. IS-2629. Oslo: Helsedirektoratet 2017. helsedirektoratet.no  
  6. Husain MM, Rush AJ, Fink M, et al. Speed of response and remission in major depressive disorder with acute electroconvulsive therapy (ECT): a Consortium for Research in ECT (CORE) report. J Clin Psychiatry 2004; 65: 485-91. PubMed  
  7. UK ECT Review Group. Efficacy and safety of electroconvulsive therapy in depressive disorders: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Lancet 2003;361(9360):799‐808.  
  8. Nordenskjöld A, von Knorring L, Engström I. Predictors of the short‐term responder rate of Electroconvulsive therapy in depressive disorders‐‐a population based study. BMC psychiatry 2012;12:115. PubMed  
  9. Sackeim HA, Prudic J, Devanand DP, et al. A prospective, randomized, double-blind comparison of bilateral and right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy at different stimulus intensities. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000; 57: 425-34. PubMed  
  10. McCall WV, Reboussin DM, Weiner RD, Sackeim HA. Titrated moderately suprathreshold vs fixed high-dose right unilateral electroconvulsive therapy: acute antidepressant and cognitive effects. Arch Gen Psychiatry 2000; 57: 438-44. PubMed  
  11. Prudic J, Olfson M, Marcus SC, Fuller RB, Sackeim HA. Effectiveness of electroconvulsive therapy in community settings. Biol Psychiatry 2004; 55: 301-12. PubMed  
  12. Tharyan P, Adams CE. Electroconvulsive therapy for schizophrenia. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD000076. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000076.pub2. DOI  
  13. Valenti M, Benabarre A, Garcia-Amador M, Molina O, Bernardo M, Vieta E. Electroconvulsive therapy in the treatment of mixed states in bipolar disorder. Eur Psychiatry. 2008 Jan. 23(1):53-6.
  14. Folk JW, Kellner CH, Beale MD, Conroy JM, Duc TA. Anesthesia for electroconvulsive therapy: a review. J ECT 2000; 16: 157-70. PubMed  
  15. Donahue AB. Electroconvulsive therapy and memory loss: a personal journey. J ECT 2000; 16: 133-43. PubMed  
  16. Dwork AJ, Arango V, Underwood M, et al. Absence of histological lesions in primate models of ECT and magnetic seizure therapy. Am J Psychiatry 2004; 161: 576-8. American Journal of Psychiatry  
  17. Agelink MW, Andrich J, Postert T, et al. Relation between electroconvulsive therapy, cognitive side effects, neuron specific enolase, and protein S-100. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 2001; 71: 394-6. PubMed  
  18. Sackeim HA, Haskett RF, Mulsant BH, et al. Continuation pharmacotherapy in the prevention of relapse following electroconvulsive therapy: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2001; 285: 1299-307. Journal of the American Medical Association  
  19. Kellner CH, Knapp RG, Petrides G, et al. Continuation electroconvulsive therapy vs pharmacotherapy for relapse prevention in major depression: a multisite study from the Consortium for Research in Electroconvulsive Therapy (CORE). Arch Gen Psychiatry 2006; 63: 1337-44. PubMed  
  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim (tilpasning til NEL)