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Depresjon

Sist oppdatert: Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


Definisjon:
Depressive symptomer i minst to sammenhengende uker. Symptomene forårsaker klinisk signifikante plager eller betydelig tap av funksjon. Det skilles mellom ulike typer depresjon som depressiv forstyrrelse, dysthymi, depresjon og bipolar lidelse 
Forekomst:
I Europa får mellom én og to av ti personer en behandlingstrengende depresjon i løpet av livet. Kvinner rammes oftere enn menn
Symptomer:
Er karakterisert av senket stemningsleie, interesse- og gledesløshet og energitap eller økt trettbarhet
Funn:
Kliniske funn er vanligvis normale bortsett fra nedstemthet
Diagnostikk:
Tilleggsundersøkelser er depresjonstester. Fysisk status og labprøver utelukker annen tilstand
Behandling:
Avhenger av grad av depresjon: Rådgivning, samtaleterapi, kognitiv behandling, antidepressiva, ECT
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  • Terje Johannessen, professor i allmennmedisin, Trondheim

Tidligere fagmedarbeidere

  • Randolf Terje Vågen, medisinsk fagsjef, divisjon psykisk helsevern, St. Olavs hospital
  • Gunnar Morken, spesialist i psykiatri, førsteamanuensis, Psykiatrisk Institutt, Norges teknisk-naturvitenskapelige universitet, Trondheim
  • Olav Thorsen, spesialist allmennmedisin, Klubbgaten legesenter, Stavanger