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Underernæring, kartlegging og forebygging

Sist revidert:
Sist revidert av:


  1. Helsedirektoratet. Nasjonale faglige retningslinjer for forebygging og behandling av underernæring. IS-1580. [url]http://www.helsedirektoratet.no/publikasjoner/nasjonal-faglig-retningslinje-for-forebygging-og-behandling-av-underernering/Sider/default.aspx
  2. Lochs H, Allison SP, Meier R, Pirlich M, Kondrup J, Schneider S, et al. Introductory to the ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Terminology, definitions and general topics. Clin Nutr 2006; 25: 180-6 PubMed  
  3. Nasjonal Helseplan 2007-2010. Helse- og omsorgsdepartementet; 2006. Særtrykk av St.prp. nr. 1 (2006-2007), kapittel 6
  4. Stratton RJ, Elia M, Green CJ. Disease related malnutrition: An evidence base approach to treatment. Wallingford, United Kingdom: CABI publishing; 2003
  5. Food and nutritional care in hospitals: How to prevent undernutrition. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Publishing; 2002
  6. van Wayenburg CA, van de Laar FA, van Weel C, van Staveren WA, van Binsbergen JJ. Nutritional deficiency in general practice: a systematic review. Eur J Clin Nutr 2005; 59 (Suppl 1): S81-S87
  7. Stratton R.J., Elia M. A reviewe of reviews: A new look at the evidence for oral nutritional supplements in clinical practice. Clin Nutr Supplement 2007; 2: 5-23 PubMed  
  8. Sorbye LW, Schroll M, Finne SH, Jonsson PV, Topinkova E, Ljunggren G, et al. Unintended Weight Loss in the Elderly Living at Home: the Aged in Home Care Project (AdHOC). J Nutr Health Aging 2008; 12: 10-6 PubMed  
  9. Mowe M, Diep L, Bohmer T. Greater seven-year survival in very aged patients with body mass index between 24 and 26 kg/m2. J Am Geriatr Soc 2008; 56: 359-60 PubMed  
  10. Baldwin C, Parsons TJ. Dietary advice and nutritional supplements in the management of illness-related malnutrition: systematic review. Clin Nutr 2004; 23: 1267-79 PubMed  
  11. Stratton RJ, Hackston A, Longmore D, Dixon R, Price S, Stroud M, et al. Malnutrition in hospital outpatients and inpatients: prevalence, concurrent validity and ease of use of he 'malnutrition universal screening tool' ('MUST') for adults. Br J Nutr 2004; 92: 799-808 PubMed  
  12. Nursing interventions to minimise undernutrition in older patients in hospital. Nurs Stand 2008; 22: 35-40 PubMed  
  13. Food and nutritional care in hospitals: How to prevent undernutrition. Strasbourg: Council of Europe. Publishing; 2002
  14. Kondrup J, Allison SP, Elia M, Vellas B, Plauth M. ESPEN guidelines for nutrition screening 2002. Clin Nutr 2003; 22: 415-21 PubMed  
  15. Mehanna HM, Moledina J, Travis J. Refeeding syndrome: what it is, and how to prevent and treat it. BMJ 2008; 336: 1495-8 British Medical Journal  
  • Magnhild Kverneland, klinisk ernæringsfysiolog
  • Anita Baadstø, sykepleier, redaksjonsmedarbeider i NEL